Adolphus Julius Edelstein, son of one of the richest wool merchants in Bradford, changed his name to Elston and served as a Staff Officer with the Royal Field Artillery. Similarly, Paul Cuthbert Steinthal became Major PC Petrie and remained in command of the Ilkley Artillery for the whole of the war, firing the last shots of D245 Battery on 11 November 1918.
When the registration of Aliens began on 7 August an estimated 300 of the 500 German residents came forward. William Sonnenberg, the licensee of the Ebor Hotel off Little Horton Lane, was fined 20/- with 7/- costs on 9 September for failing to register. William was soon to leave his Bradford-born wife and return to Germany where he died at the Eberswalde Sanatorium in June 1917. Two Bradford-born widows with German-sounding names were similarly fined but one quickly remarried and reclaimed her rights to carry a camera, use the telephone and a motor car: “Civis Britannicus sum!” concluded the newspaper.
George W Andrews, an ex Bradford Grammar School pupil, was teaching at Witten in Germany. He told his father all was well and he was on good terms with the German police but George was soon to be interned and spent the war at Ruhleben with 5,500 other internees. This enormous camp on the Berlin racecourse was later to become Spandau Prison.